XIX - XXth century sculptures
ALLIOT Lucien Charles Edouard (1877-1967)
Lucien Charles Edouard Alliot grew up in a family of artists, with his father being a sculptor and painter. He continued the family business of bronze edition after he entered the Beaux Arts, where he was taught by Barrias and Coutan, both famous french sculptors and award winners from the Prix de Rome. The evolution of his work and artistic carreer is marked by the different fashions of his time. Indeed, he mastered classical themes at his beginnings, such as childhood, then Art Nouveau, with women and flowers, Art Déco and Neoclassical themes. He firts exhibited at the Salon in 1896 and was still present in them after 1945. His works where principally plaster blanks that where then realised in bronze.
ALLOUARD Emile Henri (1844-1929)
Born in Paris, he started exhibiting in 1865 and became one of the most prolific sculptors of the end of the century. More than 70 monuments in Paris are said to be his works, for exemple, Jeanne d'Arc, at the Panthéon. His genious lies in his ease to work from decorative statuettes to orientalist themes or sculptures meant for public spheres while having a taste for mixing different materials, such as wood, ivory, enamels and bronze, bronzes which are mostly cast by famous foundries, such as Barbedienne, Siot-Decauville, Susse and Durenne. He was awarded with many distinctions.
ARBUS André (1903-1969)
Born in a family of ebenists, he befriended Parayre who also was his teacher when he attended the Beaux-Arts. The Exposition des Arts Décoratifs of 1925 was the occasion for him to present his first works and make a name. For professional reasons, he focused on sculptures during all his carreer, until 1950, when he presented his own works, first inspired from his environment and relatives then from mythological characters and naked figures, not to mention others, from 1956. His work is characterized by its tragic realism, aiming to reflect men's torments, as illustrates his work 'La femme au miroir'.
Dominique Alonzo was taught by Falguière. He started exhibiting from 1912, with bronze and chryselephantine statuettes. He mastered the main styles of his time (Classical, Art Nouveau, Art Déco), through various subjects such as historical or religious themes, daily scenes, exotism and orientalism.
ARCHIPENKO Alexandre (1887-1964)
Ukrainian artist, Alexandre Archipenko grew up in an intellectual circle and studied painting and sculpture at the Beaux-arts of Kiev, where he was dismissed in 1905, because his avant-garde approach didn't match the traditional schemes. Confronted to the same traditionalism when attending the Beaux Arts, he quit and rathered the Louvre, in which he found more inspiration, after he had his fist exhibition in 1906. His sculptures when presented for the first time, where one of a kind, with abstrait and cubic forms. In 1912, he started his landforms, called Sculpto-peintures with a renewal in the modeling of space. He is considered to have introduced to a new form of art, a cubist approach that uses space and time, using counter-volumes which enables him to modifie space. In his works, the empty parts have as much value as the full parts of a sculpture, with a touch of light, throughout transparent materials.
Armand Fernandez, known as Arman, was a franco-american painter and sculptor who attended l'Ecole des arts décoratifs of Nice and l'Ecole du Louvre. It was in 1957 that he defined his signature as an artist, by signing his works with his first name, without the 'd', as a tribute to Van Gogh. He officialised his signaure during an exhibition at Iris Clert and became a member of the group Nouveaux Réalistes, with Yves Klein.
ARNOLD Henry (1879-1945)
He started sculpting at the age of 14 and later quit the Beaux-Arts where he was Barrias' pupil, because he found it too academic. He started exposing classical works in 1903 at the Salon d'Automne, but also explores Art Déco and Neoclassicism after 1930.
ARONSON Naoum (1872-1943)
Russian artist taught and encouraged by Rodin, with a taste for dramatic themes and a mix of slavic mysticism. He is the author of several famous pepole's portraits such as Tolstoî in 1902 and Beethoven's bust in 1906, which will make him famous. His talents isn't limited to sculptures. Indeed, very good in drawing, he does a lot of sketches of children, women and old people, which then serve as models for his busts made out of stone and bronze. He stays under the influence of Rodin even though he rejected academism. It is only in the years 1930 that he fully follows his path by joining the neoclassical movement.
ARTUS Charles Joseph (1897-1978)
Fond of pets and wild small animals such as rabits, rats, squirrels, mice and boars, he first was taught animal sculpture by Pompon. He executed such sculptures with round traits, sometimes humanising the animal, without forgetting a touch of irony and used terracotta and plaster before Bisceglia or Colin edited his works in bronze. He sometimes carved directly on stone. 1920 was the first year from which he exposed every year at the Salon des Artistes Français.
ARP Jean (1887-1966)
French artist, he wanted his works to be in harmony with nature and would rather the term concrete art than abstrait art to qualify his work. Very avant-gardist, from 1916 to 1920, he participates in the Dada movement in Zurich and presents abstrait works on (polychromed) wood, paper, marble and stones. He also gives poetic titles to his works. From 1931, his round-bump sculptures became the symbol of the XXth century's abstrait art. He is considered as a master of this artistic movement.
BACHELET Emile Just (1892-1981)
He is taught by Victor Prouvé, who led the Art Nouveau movement, and Coutan. He has a figurative style with simple lines, that adds an ounce of modernity in his art. He executed a lot of farm animal sculptures in bronze, stone or wood, which he carves directly.
BARYE Antoine Louis (1795-1875)
Antoine Louis Barye was born in Paris. Fourier soon formed him in the art of steel carving and he became an illustrious chaser, while initiating himself to all the metal treatment professions. After attending l'Ecole des beaux-arts de Paris where he was given a classical formation, he was discovered by the public in 1831, at the Salon, where he exposed his work 'Tigre dévorant un gavial', therefore acquiring the status of the first romantic sculptor. He his known as the master of animal sculpture of XIXth century.
BAZIN François (1897-1956)
He was born in a family of artists specialised in carving. From his learnings at the Beaux-Arts, he acquired a classical style. In the 1920s, he created a lot of radiator caps with stylized lines, but presents his first breton subjects, being keen on that region of France, during the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs of 1925, subjects full of modernism and which some would qualify as cubist, made out of bronze and granite. His trip to Egypt gave him the taste for orientalist themes.
BAZOR Lucien (1889-1974)
French sculptor and carver, he works on classical themes and won the prix de Rome in 1923 for his medals at the same time as he was exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français.
BECQUEREL André Vincent (1893-1981)
French artist well known for his animal sculptures (birds, felines). He found inspiration at the Jardin de Plantes, where he often went to observe the animals in their natural life. He started exhibiting in 1914, adopting a naturalist style, with a hint of stylisation under the influence of the modernist movements. He works on ceramic, bronze among other materials and when not entrusting his bronzes to foundries like Susse, he edited his own works, as he created his own foundry.
BELMONDO Paul (1898-1982)
Known as one of the renowned portraitists of his time, one of his first works 'le Père de l'artiste' made him famous in 1922 for busts and statues made out of plaster, terracotta and bronze and inspired from his surroundings. In 1926, he was awarded at the Grand Prix artistique d'Afrique du Nord. He had an undeniable taste for nude.
BENNETEAU-DESGROIS Félix (1879-1963)
Taught by Mercié and Falguière, he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1895 and won the prix de Rome in 1909 for his classical sculpture 'Vénus sauve Hélène de la mort'. He is well known for his marble and stone portraits and busts of public personnalities as much as for his monuments and allegorical subjects. He embrasses orientalist themes in the late 1940s.
BELO André (1908-?)
He developped an interest for sculpture quite young and executed statues, medals and low-reliefs in bronze, stone, tin and plaster. His sculpting approach is inspired of abstract art and figurative approach of the 1950's.
BENOIST-GIRONIERE Yves Marie Jean (1903-1983)
His passion for horses was not limited to his profession. Indeed, this cavalry officer at Saint-Cyr executed a lot of works on horses and hunt. Whether on sculpture or painting, animals and especially horses are the central themes of his works. He exhibited at the Salon des artistes Français in 1936.
BERNARD Joseph (1866-1931)
Thanks to his father who was a stonemason specialised in restoring gallo-roman monuments, Joseph Bernard became familiar and learned how to sculpt very young. He first exhibited classical subjects at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1892, slowly drifting into more of a monumental inspiration, his figures became hieratic and his works became more stylized. In 1905 he was considered to be of those who reformed the art of direct carving, a method of which he was particularly fond of. The passion for greco-roman he inherited from his father influenced his works, therefore making him one of the forerunners of the renewal of antiquity, a movement which will reach its peak with the rise of neoclassicism in 1937. If his classical and neoclassical styles are admitted by all, when it comes to Art Déco, specialists bear nuanced opinions, some simply assimilating him to the movement and others elevating him to the rank of an inspirer of the Art Déco style. He was strongly in favour of direct carving, which reflects his will to stick to the traditional methods. He took great care in adapting his methods to the materials he worked on, even if it should give an unexpected result. Either way, he was said to be 'the master of his hand'.
BERNHARDT Sarah (1844-1923)
Also known as Rosine Bernard, she had the particularity to produce theatric sculptures, with a taste for the odd, as soon as she was initiated into sculpture in 1869. She later produced Art Nouveau pieces and got deeper into the odd and nearly abstract themes in her chimeric works, inspired by the sea and flora and with the help of Pompon.
BIGONET Charles (1877-1931)
He started participating at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1897 with busts and classical subjects. After he moved to Algiers, he started working on orientalist themes and animals. He worked on various materials such as bronze, stone, terracotta.
BIGOT Raymond (1872-1953)
Contemporary to brilliant spirits such as Marcel Proust whom he got to meet, his love for nature led him to develop a passion for woodworking and he started direct carving in 1900, using oak trees, ebony, mahogany, Indian teak and others. He produced a lot of birds in direct carving, and more generally, animal sculptures and drawings, seized by the fervour of a moment and drawn into the authenticity of the tool's strikes.
BITTER Ary Jean Léon (1883-1973)
Ary Bitter was born in Marseilles. He was taught by Louis-Ernest Barrias and Jules Coutan and won the first prize in sculpture in 1900. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français for many years during the early part of the twentieth century. He became well known for his animal sculptures and pastoral themes, made out of bronze, terracotta and stone. His numerous awards echoed with his brilliance.
BLONDAT Max (1872-1925)
He was the apprentice of a wood sculptor. He started exposing decorative sculptures, everyday objects, lamps, moltenned by Siot_Decauville. Childhood is an important theme for him, with quite expressive subjects, whether in sorrow or in delight. He started with an Art Nouveau style and yet, slowly embrassed Art Déco, as his work became more stylized, sometimes even allegoric.
BOFILL Antoine (1894-1940s)
Antoine Bofill was born in Barcelona. He exhibited in Spain and at the Paris Salons from 1902 to 1920s and produced various pieces, decorative and usefull objects, (vases, car mascots, a lot of figurative and animal sculptures), in differents materials such as terracotta, gilded bronze or ivory. He is believed to have been still alive in 1939, but informations about his death remain blurry.
BONOME Santiago Rodriguez (1901-?)
However open to all methods, he has a little preference for direct carving on wood. He exhibited in France in the early 1930s and produced a number of animal sculptures in bronze, which where for the most part edited by Leblanc-Barbedienne. His work has also been edited in ceramic.
BONNARD Pierre (1867-1947)
Nicknamed the 'Nabi japonard', he was one of the main actors of the pictural movements and soon became an avant-garde painter. Refusing to be stuck under a single category of a painter, he also interested himself in sculpture and produced a few animal sculptures in a manner close to Rodin's, in 1900. Woman is also a theme he worked on, with sometimes impressionnist influencies.
BOURAINE Marcel (1886-1948)
Marcel Bouraine was a self taught artist born in Pontoise. He has a realistic approach in his works, largely inspired from life. His life specifically was marked by an event. Indeed, he was taken prisoner by the Germans during the first world war, however, the latters where so interested in his person that they gave him many works to execute. Hence, he was interned in Switzerland where he produced several monuments, of which one was for Lausanne. He exhibited at all the main Paris Salons.
BOUCHER Alfred (1850-1934)
His talent for sculpture was discovered by his parent's employer, who happenned to be the sculptor Ramus and who decided to train him. He then got introduced to art and antics during his stay in Rome and then perfected his naturalist works based on themes such as childhood and peasantry, while producing a few monuments and religious statues. His work then got influenced by the symbolist movement of the end of the century. He worked on different materials such as plaster, terracotta, marble and bronze that where cast by famous foundries like Susse and Siot-Decauville, or Leblanc-Barbedienne. In 1902, he founded a mythical place, 'La Ruche des Arts', a club for young talents, a must, within which grew futur artists from the Ecole de Paris such as Chagall or Soutine. Surprisingly, and despite Boucher's classical formation, La Ruche des Arts mostly attracted young and modernist artists. According to his own words, he felt like a hen brooding a clutch of ducklings.
BOUDAREL Albert Vidal Alexandre (1888-?)
He received both classical and animal sculpture training. Whether he made up his mind on one rather than the other remains uncertain. However, he is mostly remembered for his animal sculptures. Starting from 1908, he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français various works ; statuettes, groups and animal sculptures. His style is rather naturalist and his subjects mostly wild animals, for exemple, lions and tigers.
BOULOGNE Paul de (?-1938)
He exposed at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts from 1910. His work was mainly focused on the theme of dance. He used the lost wax technique to cast his bronzes. Whether it is dancing women, from different cultures or animals (not oftenly), the chosen subjects are full of grace and lightness. Animals he made are butterflies or swans for exemple, well known for inspiring ballet dancing movements.
BOURDELLE Emile Antoine (1861-1929)
He learned ornamental sculpture with his father who was an ebenist. He started exhibiting in 1881. Sick but not rotten, he left the Beaux-Arts where he was taught by Falguière before coming back to Paris. He started in 1888, a project which took him a lifetime to realise ; he executed 50 different versions of busts of Beethoven. In 1893, he befriended Rodin who at first was his teacher and collaborator with him until he decided to follow his own path in 1908, inspired by the Greek antiquity forms. This came after he executed his famous work 'Tête d'Apollon' thanks to which he gained recognition amongst the major sculptors. Education and knowledge being important to him, he later openned a school with Rodin and Desbois. Sculptor wasn't his only form of expression. He also painted and drew. He rarely works on direct carving, prefering plaster, terracotta, and bronzes. He has his own definition of arts as being 'Man binding the material to the spirit.'
BOURAINE Marcel (1886-1948)
His style was academic before he revealed himself as one of the major sculptors of Art Déco in the years 1925. One of his favorite themes is Women ; naked women, fierce when represented hunting like the amazones or delighted when represented dancing. In both cases, full of grace. He also is an excellent animal sculptor, stylizing the fauna in a decorative spirit. All his works are marked with realism and drawn from life. His genius equals his misadventure : when taken prisoner by the Germans during the first world war, he so interested his captors that they gave him many works to execute. To do so, he was interned in Switzerland where he produced several monuments, of which one was for Lausanne. He exhibited at all the main Paris Salons, working with a mix of different materials such as ivory, glass and bronze, with different patinas.
BOURET Pierre Ernest (1897-1972)
His first work was at the age of 16, when he achieved the bust of his mother. He exhibited for the first time at the Salon d'Automne. His style is recognised as a neo-classical one. He sculpted a lot of portraits of famous characters, or depicting the human body's completion, such as his sculpture 'Athlète au Repos' for the stadium of Vanves.
BRACQUEMOND Emile Louis
He was born in Paris and exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in the 1930s. He executed busts, groups, typical Art Déco style fountains, Bacchantes and fauna. He also made some few models of very beautifull panthers and felines.
BRANCUSI Constantin (1876-1957)
Born in Romania, he studied at the Academy of Bucarest thanks to a scholarship and then crossed Germany to go to Paris by foot, needless to say, in difficult conditions. He studied two years at the Beaux Arts. His sculpture 'L'enfant', rather of a classical style, executed in 1906, is noticed by Rodin, who sought to teach him and give him a way out of the official path. He prefered to keep his autonomy and executed more work, likened to primitivism and the abstract, with sleek lines. However, he stands as authentic and independant from any artistic movement. He plays with dimensions and materials and his work 'Le commencement du monde', where he pushes forms to their limits, in this case, the oval form, made out of white marble, on a metal disc, giving his work an abstract aspect. He worked on all sorts of materials whether it is wood, marble, stone, onyx or polished bronze. His work is often presented on pedestals , in two pieces or with two different materials, to be appreciated independantly from one another or assembled. He is considered as one of the major master of XXth century sculpture.
BRAQUE Georges (1882-1963)
He studied at the Beaux-Arts and then joined the Fauvist movement in 1904, along with famous names such as Matisse, before becoming a major figure of cubism with Picasso. Also a painter, it's in the 1930s that he executed sculptures that seemed directly inspired from his paintings, with indented figures, stylized shapes, engraved plaster or superposed bronzes in the manner of antic objects. He frequently works on the same themes such as human figures, animals, fish and horses inspired from mythology and created with different materials like stone, ceramic and bronze.
BREKER Arno (1900-1991)
He succeeded his father as a sculptor in his family workshop at the age of 16 years old. He exhibited at different parisian salons and celebrated the human body throughout his work and more particularly, the male beauty. He got inspired by antics during his one year stay in Rome, before he returned to his home country, Germany, where he became the 3rd Reich's sculptor , for whom he worked on numerous monuments and statues, all destroyed by the Allies after the war. His work was then based on portraits of friends or well known personnalities such as Cocteau and Dali.
BROQUET Gaston (1880-1947)
He started exhibiting in 1900, with sculptures in the style of Dalou's realism, describing the rural world and city dwellers' everyday life, immortalized in little bronze subjects cast by Susse or Leblanc-Barbedienne. His art later will be influenced in the 1920s, by his encounter with new cultures and his trips abroad (africa and maghreb). He achieved a lot of terracotta and bronze subjects.
BUSATO-STRAUSS Mario (1902-1974)
He first started as a retoucher at the foundry Valsuani and started sculpting in 1930, specializing himself as an animal sculptor with clean lines . In 1932, he openned his own workshop and foundry with his brother that he called Busato, a foundry that sheltered many well known artists' works, like Picasso, Bourdelle and Gargallo.
CALDER Alexandre (1898-1976)
Born in a family of sculptors, he travels from his birth place, Philadelphia, to New-York and Paris, where he participated to artistic events. He was inspired by Arp and Miro and his works are abstrait and made out of wood and wire. He joined the Abstraction-Creation movement and in 1931, he presented his first 'mobile' activated manually or with a motor at the gallery Vignon, as he expressed his wish to create 'Moving Mondrians' that will be called 'Stabiles' by Arp, when they where not meant for movement in space. He creates his mobiles and stabiles every time bigger in size. Nowadays, he is known as one of the big names of modern sculpture.
CARABIN François Rupert (1862-1932)
His passion for wood was transmitted to him by his father. He started to work early first as a fine gemstone engraver then at a wood sculptor. He started presenting his work in 1880 and thanks to a patron, was enabled to open his own workshop where he executed strange furnitures in carved wood. He is known as being the only artist mixing cabinetworking with sculpture. Indeed, quite symbolically, he executed a furniture sometimes qualified as fantastic, with naked women stand as table legs or seat structures, with snakes, owls or cats winded around them. He also worked on female figures inspired from parties and nightlife. His sculptures are often realised in red waxe then cast in bronze, copper or silver. He also made medals, jewelleries and ceramics. His style is very typicall of the Art Nouveau.
CARON Alexandre (1857-1932)
He started exhibiting Art Nouveau stylised sculptures in 1893 at the Salon des Artistes Français. Antic subjects he treated where for the most part women figures in bronze and mixed with other materials like ivoty, silver, gold and gemstones. He is know for his production of charming Art Deco figurines of ladies in bronze
CARPENTIER Marguerite Jeanne
Born in Paris, she was a sculptor and painter and exhibited antique inspired busts, statues and groups from 1910 at the Salon des Artistes Français.
CARRIER BELLEUSE (1824-1887)
Albert Carrier Belleuse (1824-1887) was born in Laon on 12th June , 1827. He was attributed many awards, such as the Grand Prix de Rome, Prix d'honneur and Hors concours. His works can be found in many art centers throughout the world, namely, the monument for independance in Costa Rica and several works in Paris including a ceiling in the Louvre. He died on 3rd June, 1887 when he was a director of the Sèvres factory. He is remembered as one of the masters of his generation.
CARTIER Thomas François (1879-1936)
He was taught by Gardet and started exhibiting animal sculptures in the early XXth century. He is very fond of felines in his works but also executed all the classical subjects of the fauna, whether domestic or rural.
CARTIER Jacques (1907-2001)
Brought up by Eugene to whom he is not less a pupil than his own son, Jacques Cartier was an animal painter specialised in the description of sheepdogs and polar bears. He executed sculptures made out of plaster or clay, on the theme of animals and sometimes but not oftenly, on other themes.
CARVILLANI René Renato (1896-1972)
He followed his father in Paris as a lad, as the latter had openned a foundry there. He attended Injalbert's teaching when he studied at the Beaux-Arts in 1920. He achieved busts, groups, fountains and animals and worked in his father's foundry. He inherited from this foundry but being less succesfull, he only worked for a few friends while continuing to sculpt.
CARVIN Auguste Jules Charles
He was Gauquié's pupil and exhibited classical subjects at the Salon des Artistes Français in the years 1930. He received many awards from the Salon, one of the earliest being in 1907.
CARVIN Louis Albert (1875-1951)
He was taught by two great animal sculptors, Frémiet and Gardet. He followed his teachers' path in animal sculpture and started exhibiting such sculptures made out of plaster, marble and bronze at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1891. He kept a classical approach of the art, occasionally venturing into other themes like children and characters, inspired from La Fontaine's fables. He produced a lot of works and was still exhibited at differents Salons in the 1930s.
Painter and sculptor, he belongs to the Africanist movement and exhibited africanist subjects often in direct carving, in the years 1930-40 at the Société Coloniale des Artistes Français.
CHIPARUS Demeter H. (1886-1947)
Taught by A.Mercier and J.Boucher, he is the most famous sculptor of chryselephantine at the Art Deco period. He used to paint for his own pleasure and exhibited classical subjects at the Salon des Artistes Français. He found his style, inspiring himself from theatre and ballet, especially russian ballet and worked on bronze, using ivory for the parts where the human body showed in his works. His works in the 1920s were also influenced by an interest in Egypt, after the excavation of the Pharaohs' tombs. These interests resulted in sculptures like 'the Russian Dancers', depicting Nijinsky and Ida Rubinstein in their roles in Schéhérazade. He produced a lot of women and dancers, children and orientalist subjects but also animals.
CAZAUX Edouard (1889-1974)
He is from a family of potters and worked at the age of 14 in a ceramic studio. Though taught by Lachenal at the Beaux-Arts, he was advised in his first steps by Despiau. As he became a well known ceramist, he still continued sculpting, producing, for exemple, his wife's portrait. He had a neo-classical style and worked with plaster, terracotta and bronzes inspired by women and human figures.
CIPRIANI Giovanni Pinotti (1876-1925)
He attended Allouard's classes in Paris and presented sophisticated orientalist works in bronze and alabaster, starting from 1903 at the Salon des Artistes Français.
CLARA Juan (1875-?)
He came from Spain with his brother Clara José to attend Barrias' classes at the Beaux-Arts in Paris. In 1903, he started exhibiting his works, for the most part under the theme of childhood, at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. His busts, characters and groups, however classical, are also ironical.
CLEMENCIN François André (1878-1950)
He was taught by Coutan and started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1907. His work is rather bucolic, in the style of Art Nouveau. Women, female bathers and bacchantes seem to be surprised in the innocence of their dailylife in his figurines and bronze statuettes. In the 1930s, his works are identified with the neo-classical movement.
CLAUDEL Camille (1864-1943)
She worked with Dubois then Boucher and met Rodin in 1884, with whom she worked and lived for 10 years. She was not only his pupil but also his model and muse and she so dedicated herself to him that she only started developing her own style after they broke up, a style that appeared more mysterious and tormented that Rodin's. Indeed, her works are strongly impressionist and marked by grief, a grief that drew her to madness by the end of her life.
COLIN Georges (1876-?)
He was taught by Thomas and Valton and produced classical subjects.
COLINET Claire Jeanne Roberte
She was taught by the great belgian sculptor, Jef Lambeaux, before starting presenting her work in 1914. Her works were varied, from the conventional ballet poses of that period to a marvellous work of a Valkyrie maiden on horse-back. She specialised herself in chryselephantine sculptures and produced a lot of women figures with a symbolist and orientalist inspiration. Even so, she produced a collection of dancers with an Art Deco style. However the style, her subjects are always full of grace.
COLLAMARINI René (1904-1983)
He used to be a certain number of sculptors' practitioner, such as Jonchère and was awarded with the Blumenthal price in 1930. His sculptures, he himself being physically strong, are very powerful. Whether he uses wood, marble or stone, he works in direct carving. He started statuary monuments in 1934 and developped his skills after the War. However, it is in 1945 that he became famous, as he slowly embrassed avant-gardism, his style becoming more abstract. He started to work with modern materials such as concrete and aluminium and worked on the theme of the 4 elements(earth, water, air and fire).
COLLIN Albéric (1886-1962)
He attended classes at the Academie Royale and befriended Rembrandt Bugatti, with whom he shares the same introverted and solitary character and learns how to retranscribe each animal's personality. His art is rather impressionist.
CONDE Géo ( Georges Jean) (1891-1980)
He was a painter before he took classes at the school of architecture of Brussels and returning to live at Nancy, where he evolved amongst the local artistic circle. He produced a lot of decorative arts in cracked ceramics. The influence of the modernist movement can be felt in his work, with the reproduction of various animals such as fish, panthers, bears, cats, dogs, pinguins and others.
COSTA Joachim (1888-1971)
He was one of the instigators of a return to direct carving after WW1 and participated in the exhibitions of the group 'Douce France' that was advocating a return to tradition. His work is influenced by Greco-Roman statuary and Far-East art. Among the themes he worked on are animals, which he executed with a simplification of volumes. He also executed busts, worked on ceramics and created a lot of Art Déco models, for exemple vases made out of silver bronze and patterns of women, before starting to work on monumental pieces. By the end of his life, he sank into oblivion, for his art became more figurative.
He was taught by Jean Boucher and first executed classical art, close to Dalou's, then joined the Art Déco movement, with fashionable subjects such as young women accompanied with animals, often cast by Susse.
COUTAN Jules Félix (1848-1939)
He was taught by Cavelier at the Beaux-Arts and trained on antic models and exhibited academic works, whether portraits, characters or allegorical compositions at the Salon des Artistes Français. He quickly became the sculptor of the Republic. For instance, he executed animal sculptures, fountains and was interested in decorative arts, while creating pieces for Christofle for exemple.
CROUZAT Georges Léopold (1904-1977)
Taught by Paul Landowski while attending l'École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Léopold Georges Crouzat was a painter and engraver who executed medals and won one of silver himself at the Exposition Spécialisée of 1937. He started exhibiting busts and statues at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1928.
Born as Czaky Joszsef, he first executed decorative arts in Budapest before coming to Paris in 1908 where he worked for an art dealer. From 1909, he started exhibiting his first sculptures, following the lines of the rising cubist movement. His style of avant-gardist cubism which he describes himself as 'modern classicism' not being understood, was at first criticized. His works then became more abstract. He worked on stone, terracotta, plaster, then on bronze and occasionally onyx and crystal.
DALI Salvador (1904-1989)
Most known for his paintings and his media stunts, he started exhibiting at the age of 14 years old and was later interested in modern movements. In 1929, he introduced the art of surrealism in his works, which where presented to the public at the occasion of an exhibition in New-York. However he soon gave up on the surrealist movement, before the war. Bronze was the material he chose to give birth to his pictorial delirium.
DEBUT Marcel (1865-1933)
Painter as much as a sculptor, he was taught by his father before he was by Thomas and Chapu at the Beaux-Arts. He started exhibiting real-life and orientalist inspired subjects and Art Nouveau decorative objects at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1883. In the years 1920, he executed sculptures influenced by the Art Déco style, with naked women with boyish hairstyles.
DELABASSE Jean Théodore (1902-?)
He was taught by Bouchard and Injalbert and exhibited Art Déco styled subjects at the Salon des Artistes Français in the years 1920-1930. Some of his work has been edited in bronze by Etling.
He exhibited busts and animal subjects in the years 1920 at the Salon d'Automne. His style is art Deco but with a touch of modernism.
DELAMARRE Raymond Henri Philippe (1890-1986)
Great admirer of Rodin's work, he was taught by Coutan at the Beaux-Arts, before the war started. In 1919 he was awarded with the prix de Rome. Besides from being a big traveller, he is one of the representants of neo-classicism. He also was interested in the arts of medals in which he dedicated himself from 1945, through various themes like history, politics, religion and mythology. He adopted direct carving and his bronzes where cast by Susse, Coubertin and others.
DERAIN André (1880-1954)
He was one of the main actors of Fauvism and would carve in stones strange caryatids. His works where human faces are represented are often assimilated to antic arts or primitive arts. He also executed bas-reliefs in Gauguin's style, a sculpted bed for Vollard and plates or vases in Fauve decorations. To this, he added tragedy masks in lead ans sheet metal inspired from his primitive arts collection. Because he became a famous painter, he put aside his sculpture activities only to start them again in the years 1930. Henceforth, he mostly proceded through modelling, with the theme close to the Aegean art.
DESCATOIRE Alexandre (1874-1949)
He was taught by Thomas and started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1899. His subjects are expressive and treated with a lot of realism. He worked on plaster on orientalist themes at his beginnings then continued with busts and statues of neo-classical style.
DESCOMPS Joseph Jules Emmanuel (1869-1950)
Joseph Descomps, also known as Joe Cormier was self-taught. He started exhibiting classical subjects at the Salon des artistes français in 1880. After 1918, he became one of the major figure of Art Déco style, with various representations of naked women with bobbed hair, posing, playing or dancing, with sometimes erotic attitudes. After 1930, he executed often manly figures in a neo-classical style. He worked on plaster, terracotta, ceramic and bronze and achevied a various and prolific work.
DESPIAU Charles (1874-1946)
He was first initiated in Decorative Arts and studied at the Beaux-Arts with Barrias as a teacher. He started developping his own style in 1898 and became known in 1904 thanks to his bust 'La petite fille des Landes'. He was noticed by Rodin and became his practitioner from 1907 to 1914. His art skills improved and he was soon considered as one of the greatest bust sculptors of his time, if not the best. His style is uncluttered and simplified in the treatment of his models. He also executed a lot of nude, largely influenced by the archaic Greek statuary and his work would later be considered as the archetype of neo-classicism. He mostly worked on plaster, clay and bronze cast by Valsuani, Thinot, Leblanc-Barbedienne and others.
DESRUELLES Félix Alfred (1865-1943)
Taught by Falguière at the Beaux-Arts, he started exhibiting classical subjects in the mid 1880s at the Salon des Artistes Français, treated in an academic style. His themes however various, and sometimes neo-classical, all bear the spirit of the time in his works that are very much conventional.
Dongen Jean Van (1883-1970)
He came to Paris from Delfshaven along with his brother Kees van Dongen who was a painter and befriended artists in Montparnasse, like the sculptors Manolo and Durrio. He then became Maillol's practitioner in 1922 et executed some animal sculptures.
DREUX Paul Edouard (1855-1947)
He was born in Paris and started exhibiting animal and group sculptures, for the most part dogs, at the end of the XIXth century in different Salons. Some of his bronzes where cast by the Manufacture de Sévres.
DRIVIER Léon Ernest (1878-1951)
He was successively taught by Barrias and Rodin and then became the latter's associate. These experiences had an influence on his style, alternately academic with realist busts and portraits and nudes and lyrical subjects. He also adventured in the Art Nouveau style with his polychromed works before embrassing the Neo-classical style in 1920 when he started inspiring himself from a greco-roman style. His bronzes where cast by Barbedienne, Valsuani, Rudier and Montagutelli.
DROPSY Henri (1885-1969)
He was taught by his father and Injalbert. He then became one of the most famous medal carver between the two world wars and then taught his art in turn. He also executed busts.
DUBUFFET Jean (1901-1985)
He attended the Beaux-Arts and then stopped painting as he could not do that as a living. He soon took back his art and created puppets and masks inspired from real life people. However, he only presented his sculptures in 1954, and made out of natural and organic materials, such as coal, lava, sponge etc. Many of his works are inbetween paintings and sculptures.
DUNAND Jean (1877-1942)
He was the most known lacquer of his time and also famous for his dinanderie of the Art Déco period and started his career by sculpting. His first steps where in modeling and chasing. He executed a number of busts, of classical style as well as children, animals and nudes.
EBSTEIN Joseph Salomon (1881-1961)
Born in Algeria, he was taught by Barrias and Coutan at the Beaux-Arts in Paris and started exhibiting Art Nouveau and classical subjects of antic inspired themes, at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1905. he visited north Africa in 1920, a trip from which he brought patined terracottas, bronzes and plasters, throughout which is revealed his vision of the native's dailylife.
ERNST Max (1891-1976)
Known as one of the main figures of the surealist movement, his work in sculpture is all the more noticeable. He was self-taught and soon joined the Dada club before meeting the founders of the surealist movement and befriending artists like Arp and Breton. His first works in space are painted relief woods, following the dadaist spirit and wooden objects. His work then tends to be more abstract, with the use of polychrome and he later worked on fabulous beings sculpt on granite.
FATH Richard (1900-1952)
He started exhibiting animal sculptures executed with a lot of realism and soon became specialized on the sculptural depiction of canines, 70 different races of which he has executed. He also executed works on farm animals and characters, Horses, especially at the Art Déco period where he executed chryselephantine sculptures of children with adults attitude. After 1945, he concentrated on sacred art. He worked on terracotta, plaster, wood and bronze.
He owned his own workshop in Montmartre and presented his works, which where composed for the most part of busts and wooden carved subjects at the Salon de la société nationale des Beaux-Arts.
Also known as Pierre Le Faguays, his various works where cast by Le Verrier, treating different themes such as dancers, women wearing pixie cuts, dears and so on. He worked on bronze but also on heavy materials such as lead and tin, whose colour reminds the one one the antics.
FENOSA Apelles (1899-1988)
Born in Barcelona, he moved to Paris in 1921 and befriended Despiau, Picasso, Max Jacob and other big names, some of whom he will execute some portraits. He exhibited for the first time in 1925 various sculptures on the theme of the human body, with a lot of expressionnism in the treatment of his models, whether in marble and stone or in bronze.
FIOT Maximilien Louis (1886-1953)
He was taught in animal sculpture by Lecourtier and will follow this path, in a most conventional way, sometimes representing them in alone or in groups, using various materials, namely, clay, plaster and bronzes always cast by Susse. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français for the first time in 1908. His work was awarded twice, as he won the third medal in 1911 and the second medal in 1913, therefore reflecting his growing influence in the artistic world.
FIX-MASSEAU Pierre (1869-1937)
Painter and sculptor, Pierre-Felix Fix-Masseau stands as the major representant of the Art Nouveau style, with its symbolist movement, his art mixing fantasm, dream and nature, as illustrates his work 'Le secret', with the major theme being women, sometimes inspired from the antiquity. He has also done some decorative arts and embrassed the Neo-classic style in the years 1930. He worked on various materials such as terracotta, bronze and plaster. Some of his works are exposed at the Orsay Museum of Paris.
FORETAY Alfred (1861-1944)
Painter, decorator and sculptor, he attended Falguière's classes at the Beaux-Arts and started exhibiting busts and rather conventional subjects at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1888, before improving into an uncommon art, mixing together Art Nouveau and Orientalism, two thematic movements, to create one of his own, in which women are glorified.
FRAISSE Edouard (1880-1945)
Taught by Barrias, Coutan and Chaplain, he started exhibiting classical subjects, medals, busts, characters and war memorials in 1904, in different Salons. He later executed a lot of work on on the theme of sports, and became an emblematic sculptor of sports.
FRECOURT Maurice (1890-?)
Taught by Jean Boucher, Mercié and Valton at the Beaux-Arts, he started exhibiting subjects and office valuables, exploring the theme of animals, from 1920, at the Salon des Artistes Français.
FUGERE Henry (1872-1944)
He was taught by Cavelier, Barrias and Puech at the Beaux-Arts of Paris. He presented his works on characters, groups and allegorical themes in between a classical and Art Nouveau style, at the Salon des Artistes Français, starting from 1893. He used different materials like bronze, ivory, tin and 'biscuit'.
GARDET Georges (1863-1939)
Former student of Millet and Fremiet at the parisian Beaux-Arts, he becomes very young a talented animal sculptor. He received many public orders for his powerful fauve groups. He presents his work at the Salon from his early 20s and experiences his first success in 1887. Made out of plaster, his works will be edited in bronze, marble or many different materials ordered by rich clients. Gardet will be renowed as the most talented animalist of his period. His work has been edited in bronze by Thiebaut, Barbedienne, and others.
GARGALLO Pablo (1881-1934)
Born in Spain, Gargallo studies at the Beaux-Arts under Picasso's father. He spent much time in Paris where he works for Wlérick. He is surrounded by artists such as Picasso, exhibits in Spain and spend his work to parisian Salons. His work features a minimalistic stylization and cubism's simplification of lines. He is considered as a master of XXth century sculpture.
GARNIER Jean (1853-1910)
Very present at the Salon from 1883 to 1905, he exhibits statuettes made of different materials (terracotta, marble, bronzes or metal). Most of his work follows the Art Nouveau style and some of his bronzes were cast by Sanson de Hambourg.
Not much is known about him but he was active in the 1930s. His work follows the Neo-classical style and he conceived a few symbolist subjects, and also animal sculptures.
GAUGIN Paul (1848-1903)
One of the most important french painter of the XIXth century left some wood and terracotta sculptures made in France and during his stay in Tahiti. Many bronzes cast after his death are editions of his wood creations. Gauguin was born in Paris and lived in Perou until 7 years old. He worked as a sailor but, influenced by impressionists, left his job and starts painting. He travels a lot, meets Van Gogh and Emile Bernard, while working on his personal style. Most of his sculptures and painting are representative of his last moments.
Son and student of Raymond Gayrard, he becomes sucessful from 1827 after exhibiting at the Salon. He had a very wealthy clientele and he conceived many statues and busts of famous characters which will be displayed in museums and at La Comédie Française. He also created some animal artwork such as horses or dogs cast in bronze.
GECHTER Jean-François (1796-1844)
Former student of Bosio, he worked on the big bas-relief on the Arc de Triomphe and on many statues and equestrian groups. Some of his works will be presented at the Salon from 1824 and 1844. He later focuses on animal sculpture until the end of his career. He work with Bronze and the shapes of his horses were very admired.
GENNARELLI Amedeo (1881-1943)
Also known as Jean Ortis, he was born in Naples, and taught by Francesco Lerace. He soon became well known by his busts and classical public monuments. His work features very sensual subjects, women made out of marble, bronze and terracotta. His work was presented at the Salon in the 1920s. His bronzes are cast by Dunhil or Susse with others.
GERICAULT Théodore (1791-1824)
Some authors attribute the first romantic sculptures to this famous painter. Most of his sculpture were cast in bronze after his death. Horses are his favorite subject and he actually died falling from one later. He painted and draw many races and in every position and angle. Rudier and Valsuani cast some of his bronzes. One of them is displayed at the Louvre Museum.
GERMAIN Jean-Baptiste (1841-1910)
Former student of Dumont and Gumery, Germain exhibits some bronzes at the Salon from 1866 to 1909. His work is cast by Susse and others.
GEROME Jean-Léon (1824-1904)
He might be known as a painter but Gerome conceived many sculture from his 50 years and exhibits at the Salon for the first time in 1878. He creates allegories, subjets wich will be loved as much as his paintings. His style is very orientalist, as his paintings. He made many bronzes cast by Siot-Decauville.
GIACOMETTI Alberto (1901-1966)
Son of Giovanni Giacometti, he followed the surrealist movement group as he moved to Paris and entered Bourdelle's studio. He executed unusual objects as his first scultures in 1925 and later created furnitures and decorative objects for Jean-Michel Frank. He became famous after the war thanks to his hieratic figures built up upside down and out of metal recovered in plaster. He was aiming to reflect the human condition of that time, the fragility, like his friends Sartre and Beckett also attempted to do in their own forms of arts.
GIACOMETTI Diego (1902-1985)
Giacometti Alberto's brother and assistant was also his model and practitioner. He executed animal sculptures, decorative objects in plaster and bronze, with fine patinas. The Picasso museum was the last place he has demonstrated his talent, as he was in charge of all the inner decoration of the museum.
GIBERT Lucien (1904-1988)
Taught by Bouchard and Despiau at the Beaux-Arts and influenced by Maillol, he first practiced direct carving on stone and wood. He started exhibiting 'edition' sculptures in spelter or bronze, with an Art Déco spirit but also female subjects in a neo-classical style, at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1923. His bronzes were cast by Valsuani, Coubertin and Deroyaume.
Mysterious art deco sculptor, he is known for having executed a large number of chryselephantine subjects on the theme of women. Parisians, dancers, more or less naked, treated with innocence, at the Art Deco period.
GODCHAUX Roger (1878-1958)
Taught at the Beaux-Arts by Gérôme who was a famous historian painter and sculptor. He started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1905 and specialised himself in animal sculpture, with a touch of impressionism. From farm or everyday life animals like horses, rabits, roosters, eagles, snakes, to more exotic animals like elephants, tigers, lions, bears and others. He also was a medal engraver. His bronzes were cast by Susse and Valsuani.