XIX - XXth century sculptures
ARCHIPENKO Alexandre (1887-1964)
Ukrainian artist, Alexandre Archipenko grew up in an intellectual circle and studied painting and sculpture at the Beaux-arts of Kiev, where he was dismissed in 1905, because his avant-garde approach didn't match the traditional schemes. Confronted to the same traditionalism when attending the Beaux Arts, he quit and rathered the Louvre, in which he found more inspiration, after he had his fist exhibition in 1906. His sculptures when presented for the first time, where one of a kind, with abstrait and cubic forms. In 1912, he started his landforms, called Sculpto-peintures with a renewal in the modeling of space. He is considered to have introduced to a new form of art, a cubist approach that uses space and time, using counter-volumes which enables him to modifie space. In his works, the empty parts have as much value as the full parts of a sculpture, with a touch of light, throughout transparent materials.